Does the current European geopolitical energy landscape foster or hamper renewable energies’ cooperation and exchanges? Which geopolitical or strategic role may renewables play? Are renewables (and CSP) included in governments’ energy security strategies? Can geopolitical externalities be a driver for renewable’s exchanges and cooperation mechanisms? How is CSP affected? Is there a geopolitical/strategic role for CSP? If so, to what extent is such a role integrated in the current European geopolitical energy landscape? Are there any elements in the literature to construct an appealing geopolitical narrative for intra-EU CSP deployment and exchanges?
This report tries to address the aforementioned questions by focusing on:
1. the current energy geopolitical landscape in the European Union (EU)
2. the rapidly growing academic and think tank literature devoted to the geopolitics of renewable energies and the energy transition
3. interviews with experts and policy-makers on the geopolitics of renewables and CSP
4. public opinion polls regarding electricity interconnections as a proxy for renewable electricity exchanges and cooperation.
In this context, it explores the literature in the fields of Geopolitics, International Relations (IR), International Political Economy (IPE) and Energy Studies, aiming to explore the main traits of the current European geopolitical energy landscape and the applications from the literature to build a narrative on the geopolitical externalities of renewables and, in particular, CSP. You may download the report here.